On the other hand, the new attitude of these whom, being conscious of the latest divine view, honor matrimony and continue maintaining the wedding bed undefiled, could well be thought to be a work from appreciation for receiving the brand new enduring kingdom and you will an excellent reverent giving of appropriate praise so you can Jesus. In addition to this conceptual partnership anywhere between thirteen:cuatro and you may -31, a general synchronous of hortatory couplet off 13:cuatro (marriage) with the most other pairs off exhortations from inside the thirteen:1-dos (hospitality), step 3 (empathy for these during the prison and you will mistreated), and you can 5 (money) shall be ideal. Reading this type of hortatory couplets with the historical problem of immediate audience away from Hebrews in your mind, Koester contends that those exactly who tell you hospitality promote visitors into their land (13:2)», and those visitors might possibly be prospective agencies off marriage-bed defilement in those house.
Additionally, imprisonment from a partner kept others mate rather than marital company to possess a long period (13:3)». In the event the exhortation of thirteen:cuatro is actually read with these prospective affairs in your mind, the newest award and you can purity out of wedding is raised significantly more than people circumstantial you desire or urge, since mental offered having instance honor and you can purity centers around Gods step rather than into people factors. Actually, brand new severe divine impulse (judgment) up against individuals who dishonor and you will defile relationships provides a concept of the exceptional really worth () that matrimony enjoys in the attention out of Jesus. Eventually, it is significant that past Greek word on hortatory couplet in the jail/mistreatment, until the group of exhortations regarding the matrimony in the thirteen:cuatro, are body (, 13:3).
Indeed, person is an installing label into the changeover about exhortation on the mistreatment to your you to definitely throughout the matrimony. In the 13:3, you was clearly the newest tangible target out-of mistreatment, but in 13:4 your body try implicitly the fresh new tangible representative away from prospective relationship dishonor and you can defilement. New awareness you to definitely believers real time bodily should cause them to a keen empathic matter of these becoming mistreated (brand new direct part from 13:3), and is also and using their government that they prize or dishonor relationships.
This article attempted to delineate the latest conception off relationships about perspective of the theology out-of Hebrews. Which test observed about three tips: (1) it illustrated this new abstract traces of your own changeover away from part twelve so you can chapter 13, and therefore features the theological tone regarding Hebrews; (2) they searched the newest abstract micro-construction out-of thirteen:1-six because instant context where wedding is stated; and you may (3) it delineated the thought of relationships into the 13:4 are pertaining to both past tips, proving the way they update the very thought of wedding in this verse, particularly in terms of an attitude out-of worship so you can God and the fresh receipt for the future divine judgment. verall, wedding inside fcn chat the Hebrews is not a remote layout just stated along with other notions no associations on the records developed in brand new epistle. Rather, good theological learning of -13:six provides a rich angle with the understanding of wedding during the Hebrews, because training shows contacts and you can ramifications that are not immediately clear when you look at the an easy reading out of thirteen:4
Furthermore, Wedderburn underlines variations away from words. Meanwhile, Wedderburn comprehends issues of get in touch with anywhere between chapters step one-twelve and you can part 139. In the end, he signifies that chapters step 1-12 and you will chapter thirteen was in fact published by other people (which could explain the differences between these texts), however the author of section 13 penned this part afterwards, and with the stuff out of sections step 1-12 in mind (that would explain the circumstances from contact between such messages). Because a distinction regarding publishing suggests different users and you will intentions, Wedderburn contends you to chapters step 1-12 and you will section thirteen can not be merely combined with the you to good whole»10.
In both cases, the new divine empire is already possible getting believers, whether or not v
not, how will be information off wisdom and you will kingdom relevant? Obviously the solution starts in the -23. Based on such verses, the viewers from Hebrews has come to Install Zion and to the city of life Jesus, the brand new heavenly Jerusalem», and God, this new legal of all the»32. In the event the Zion is actually an enthusiastic allusion for the divine kingship33, the concept one believers came to Attach Zion try uniform with the information where he or she is getting a kingdom. Still, the thing that makes God entitled judge contained in this context, rather than king? In fact, in a lot of metropolises during the Hebrews Jesus was represented just like the queen into the Their throne (1:8; 4:16; 8:1; 12:2), with Christ seated during the Their right-hand (1:step three, 13; 8:1; ; 12:2).
He brings directories away from terms for the chapter thirteen that seem having initially for the Hebrews, terms and conditions during the chapters step one-12 which do not appear in section thirteen, and terminology inside chapter 13 which aren’t utilized in chapters 1-several however, that will be associated from conditions that seem into the chapters 1-128
Just what adds to which photo would be the fact there no longer stays a give up away from sins» for this person. Predicated on , this new abuse of one’s former believer try earned since he/she’s got trampled not as much as foot (verb ) the latest Man from Jesus» and regarded as dirty new bloodstream of covenant in which he had been sanctified» (nasb)37. This statement provides a couple of first implications: (1) the previous believer have invalidated the priestly works enabling your/the girl, beneath the conditions of this new covenant, to receive the fresh promised genetics/the new kingdom also to praise Goodness inside a fair means; and (2) comparing that have 1:step three and you will , where Christ is actually waiting for his enemies be manufactured a great footstool getting his base, the previous believer try dealing with Christ just like the enemy by the trampling Your below legs.
In addition, the partnership out-of block 2 having Goodness cannot result from several other passing into the chapter thirteen, however, appears currently regarding the statements that provide motivation for heeding the brand new exhortations»47. Significantly more truthfully, correct thinking towards the relationships and money are driven from the certain divine measures, view (indicated from the verb ) and you may provision/assist (shown by the several comments throughout the ot48) respectively. The initial step try bad, because concerns divine condemnation. The following a person is confident, because refers to divine service. Regarding the self-confident divine action out-of assist, the author from Hebrews prompts believers becoming sure (conveyed by the participial variety of the verb ) regarding Gods action, which excludes the fear (expressed because of the verb ) from peoples firms (13:6). It is significant the verb is used in another context so you can depict the faith () off Moses parents and of Moses themselves, as they did not worry the newest leaders edict () and his rage (), correspondingly.